Linux Step By Steps

Author: Keith Antoine
This was done with help from members of the

The exercise was to upgrade from eDesktop 2.4 to a linux with KDE 2
Xfree4.0.1 and Kernel 2.4.0. Having been around for the 2.1 and 2.2
kernel upgrades I was prepared for trouble with libraries and install
of the same.

Around the same time I had changed from SMP dual Celerons running at 1100
mhz to a Duron of 650mhz overclocked to 850/900mhz. This was because SMP
was not properly supported both in the kernel and by software, some things
refused to run properly.The crucial part here was the Duron and its
motherboard Asus A7V. Why? Because I did not realise that the technology had changed in
the bios somewhat radically and I did not 'see" that, I 'knew' what I was
doing when it came to the bios, didn't I!!

I had come back from Holidays, much advertised in the Caldera lists, taken a
lot of pictures (digital) up the TNQ (Tropical North Queensland) and I was going
to put them on the web page for downloads. When I got back there was a disk
in the post 'Linux Technology Preview'. Oh Boy! this was going to be fun and easy
way to get where I wanted to, that was 15th August, I just got it all going
yesterday the 12th November. This was not the fault of LTP, eDesktop 2.4,
the new kernel, libararies or the hardware. It was me and the way I went about
it plus the deeper I got into it the harder it was to recover.

Now I will not take you through all my mistakes etc but suffice to say its far
easier to upgrade LTP than to go at it from eDesktop 2.4.. Half the battle is
won because a great many of the libraries are pre installed with the LTP

Members of the list must have got sick of me and my questions, LTP would not
write a boot disk and it would not see the windows partition, I could not upgrade
with rpms and kde2 was either not letting me login or doing some other wierd things.Yes
I carried on with this for many weeks and did observe that it might be h/w related, but
did not pursue that lead far enough. eDesktop 2.4 did install well and saw the
windows partition and wrote the boot disk, but when I tried upgrading I was in all types of

About 10 days ago I just stopped dead. I had a day off and thought about what
I was doing and then decided that I would do it the old way when I was in research
electronics, one brick at a time and a process of elimination. Check all hardware in other machines,
all Aok. Errm, hang on the bios, nah, could not be that nothing in the bios would cause what
I was getting. But we will check! I can say that I just did an 'set for optimal performance'
when I first setup and left it at that, oh no, I set the drives to LBA, always for linux.
Well thats not so any longer, let me tell you.

The new Bios is 'looks' smaller and meaner but it isn't and there are menus
with sub menus, but there are not so easily seen sub/sub menus, about 4-5 layers in all.what
I did find was that there were selections I had not seen enabled, like 'system performance
optimal' changed to normal, AC97 modem and AC97 audio needed to be disabled, you now chosse
the Primary VGA Bios setting I had it to PCI had to change to AGP, also disable scsi onboard
bios. But the real difference came when I changed from USER TYPE HDD (for lba mode) to AUTO. I
was now able to install LTP and it saw the windows partition and it wrote to the floppy disk now,
where it used to say there wasn't a drive available.

So now I had a level playing field at last, had a ltp that I was able to
login to and get it to respond with normalacy. Now I had learnt previously that it was best to
use LTP and upgrade that and also what I needed to upgrade to and I had downloaded these previously.

You will need:

Get the latest from the site if later than one suggested

GNU C, this is already installed to forget it

GNU make 3.77 again already installed


util-linux             2.10o

modutils               2.3.18

e2fsprogs              1.19

pcmcia-cs              3.1.21

PPP                    2.4.0

isdn4k-utils           3.1beta7  (I do not have a site for this)

rpm-3.0.6-6x.i386.rpm   Try rpmfind...........

I did not upgrade pcmcia, PPP, irn isdnn4k-utils as I use non of these. I
have also not u/g the e2fsprogs and not found any probs but will do so soon.

As you can see there isn't a great deal to u/g if you use LTP as a base.
However there are some gotchas in the way that u/g's are installed. You will of course also need the
Col-2.4 files for kde2 and a d/l of the latest 2.4.0 kernel. Now you are ready to go and the first
install is the MODUTILS, I had no problems here they used the std ./configure, make and make install.
At everystage of installtion type in at an sued konsole ldconfig -v to update the libs database and paths.
Next I installed kde2.

KDE2 suggested install::

Do the install from command line.

First up SUPPORT, I used rpm -Uhv --nodeps --force xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.rpm
Next qt2 all except qtdesigner. In fact do as I did and use Pam Roberts
suggested install, then kdelibs, qtdesigner, kdeconfig and kdedoc, kdebase then all others. use
ldconfig -v again and I rebooted too. It should come up fine but some of your old programs many
not work now and some of the old kxxxx will not install as they want qt 1.4 or qt2.1 beta 2
etc. They look for the 2.0 and 2.1 in qt2 and that is now 2.2.1 so you cannot have more than one qt2
to call. If its notqt based it will install and work, except for some wine based programs, but
corel photopaint does. I have found since that some will install depending on the libs you have so
long as you do the compile from /ROOT/KDE.

Now then comes the crunch time as the kernel installed is 2.4.0test3, I
wanted the latest and better working version so I d/l 2.4.0test10. Install from either command line or
startx and use xconfig. Do NOT use a kde gui screen and su or even use root as I did and then had problems
on reboot as it would not go to runlevel 5 but dropped back to 3. I could not even login to kde from 3

Now 2.4.0 kernels are far different and bigger, typically 90mb when
installed, so be very slow and careful with the configuration, do not put something in because you MIGHT use
it. I could not get the cable online until I installed Packet_socket and Socket_filter something I
had not needed in 2.4.0test8 so they are still including more options. Now what i did was to compile the
kernel and write it to /boot then rebooted to see if it was ok, then I did make modules and rebooted and
the make modules_install. This was where I had previously had problems with it telling me that it was not an ELF file and bombing out.
But it went ok and I could then login using the new kernel.

So now I had LTP with Xfree 4,0.1 installed at the beginning for me, Kernel
2.4.0test10 with all trimmings and kde2. Oh yeah I will update the 2.4.0 kernel reccommended configs on the
step by step site as soon as I can.

So what next, rpms were not working via console or kpackage and needed some
upgrades to libs too before they could be installed:: and d/l the and ln -s it to it also complains about so do as Douglas Hunley
suggests and mv it to .old and then d/l a copy of form eDesktop 2.4 and link it to, then
install rpm-3.0.6 which is on also the devel file with -Uhv --nodeps --force. Before doing this
the rpm icons looked like Netscape Navigator and were confused after this they knew they were rpm
files. Now it is vital that after you install a new version of RPM that you re-install KDE and KDE2 KDEADMIN and
also do a rpm --rebuilddb. This will then leave you with kpackage complaining about not able to see
/usr/lib/rpm-3.0.3/rpmrc, so make a link from 3.0.6 to 3.0.3 and that will clear that. Its not vital to make the link as kpage
will work anyway.

I also have GCC 2.8.1 and glib 1.2.8-4  plus glibc 2.1.95-2 and that will
bring me fully uptodate. GCC 1.2.8 and glib 1.2.8-4 went in and run fine.

My burner runs using the same instructions for IDE on the step site, however
I have not been able to compile sane-1.0.3 to run my scsi scanner as yet.

LUCK, it really was worth it as far as I am concerned and am wondering what I
am now going to do with my time.

Oh yeah I have about 200 pics to get up onsite.

Keith (Skippy) Antoine